Thursday, July 24, 2014

Halocho #1387 - Don't interrupt the voyage

This week we read the Parsha of מַסְעֵי. Parshat מַסְעֵי begins by listing the 42 encampments the wandering Jews had during their 40 years in the desert. 

All 42 encampments should be read together during the same "Aliya". 

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 78:4

After the last Aliya the congregation says "חֲזַק חֲזַק וְנִתְחַזַּק" in honour of finishing the 4th Chumash - בְּמִדְבַּר.

The Haftara this week is  שִׁמְעוּ - from the 2nd chapter of  יִרְמְיָהוּ.

This week is Shabbat Mevarchim Chodesh Menachem-Av, with Rosh Chodesh Av being on Monday.

Shabbat Shalom
- Danny
Thursday, 26 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Halocho #1386 - Last chance for laundry

When the month of Av begins, one diminishes joy. From Rosh Chodesh Av until midday on 10th Av is the period known as the "9 days".

During the 9 days one does not do any laundry even if one only intends wearing the clothes after the 9 days.

One may not even give laundry to a non-Jew to wash during the 9 days, but a Jew may do laundry for non-Jews.

One does not wear freshly laundered clothes during the 9 days except on Shabbat. This does not apply to garments worn directly on the body; undergarments, socks, PJs and the like.
One may not change bed linens, tablecloths and towels during the 9 days.

The "9 days" starts on Sunday evening (27 July / Rosh Chodesh Av) and ends 10 days later on Wednesday after noon (6 August / 10 Av).

==> Therefore it's advisable to prepare a week's supply of shirts, pants, skirts, etc. by wearing them for a short while before Rosh Chodesh. One can also prepare towels by using them once.

Baby clothing that get dirty all the time and needs to be changed many times a day are exempt from the above and may be laundered and used during the 9 days.

Anything halachically required for her 7 clean days, a Niddah may launder and wear during the 9 days.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:9

To see a chart (in Hebrew in PDF) with the differences between Ashkenazi and Sefardi customs in the 3 weeks, goto http://tinyurl.com/Halocho9days

- Danny
Wednesday, 25 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma

Monday, July 21, 2014

Halocho #1384 - Why be sad when visiting the Kotel?

The Kotel ("Wailing wall") is the Western retaining wall of the Temple Mount where the Bet Hamikdash (Temple) stood until it was destroyed over 1,900 years ago.

The Kotel "plaza" is outside the Temple Mount. Every prayer of ours - Amida and Birkat Hamazon - includes a supplication to once again be able to serve Hashem on the other side of the Kotel; from inside the rebuilt Bet Hamikdash.

When seeing the place where the Bet Hamikdash stood, one needs to do Kri'a; tear one's clothes in the same way that mourners do.

One only needs to tear Kri'a if one hasn't been in Jerusalem for more than 30 days.

Source Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 561

The prevalent Yerushalmi custom is to not tear Kri'a on days one doesn't say Tachanun, including Friday afternoons.

- Danny
Monday, 23 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Sunday, July 20, 2014

Halocho #1383 - May one get engaged during the 3 weeks?

We learned that the destruction of the Bet Hamikdash (Temple) started on 17 Tammuz with the breaching of the walls, and ended 3 weeks later when it was set alight. 

During this period of mourning we do not get married. 

Getting engaged is permitted during the 3 weeks. 

Until Rosh Chodesh Av one may even celebrate with a festive meal, but without music. After Rosh Chodesh Av one may not have a festive meal, but one may serve refreshments. 

One may even get engaged on a fast day, but no food may be served. 

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:1

- Danny
Sunday, 22 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Halocho #1382 - Cutting nails during the 3 weeks?

One may cut one's nails during the 3 weeks, until the week in which 9 B'Av falls.

On each Shabbat of the "3 weeks" we read a Haftara in which the prophet warned about the destruction of the Bet Hamikdash.

The first week (this week) we read the first chapter of Yirmiyahu, which is the Haftara for "Matos" in most Chumashim.

The second week we read most of the second chapter of Yirmiyahu.

The third week we read the the first chapter of Yeshayahu - Chazon; most of it in the sad tune that Megilat Eicha is read.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:6, 5

Shabbat Shalom

- Danny
Thursday, 19 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Halocho #1381 - Is all music forbidden in the 3 weeks?

The period between the fast of 17 Tammuz and the fast of 9 B'Av 3 weeks later is known as בֵּין הַמְּצָרִים, or "The 3 Weeks".

Since the destruction of the Bet Hamikdash (Temple) started on 17 Tammuz with the breaching of the walls, and ended 3 weeks later when it was set alight, this period of 3 weeks has been set aside as a time of mourning.

If one plays a musical instrument for a living, one may continue to do so for non-Jews until Rosh Chodesh Av.

Some have the custom of refraining from meat and wine during the entire 3 weeks, except on Shabbat and Mitzva-meals (like at a Brit Mila).

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:1

- Danny
Wednesday, 18 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Halocho #1380 - Why do we fast on the 17th Tamuz?

Today - Tuesday - is the fast of 17 Tamuz which commemorates 5 major misfortunes which happened to the Jewish people on this date:

• Moshe Rabbeinu broke the Luchot - the tablets - upon seeing the Golden Calf being worshiped

• The daily Tamid sacrifice was suspended in the first Bet Hamikdash as a result of the siege

• At the time of the 2nd Bet Hamikdash the walls of Jerusalem were breached by the enemy, three weeks before the destruction

• Apustumus the wicked [Roman] burned a Sefer Torah

• An idol was placed in the Bet Hamikdash

On every fast-day there is Kriat HaTorah (Torah Reading) at both Shacharit and Mincha.

At Mincha, the 3rd Aliya also reads the Haftarah (דִּרְשׁוּ from Yeshayahu 55:6). Only somebody who is fasting should be called up to the Torah on a fast day.

During the Mincha Amida, individuals add the "עֲנֵנוּ" prayer into the 16th Bracha; שְׁמַע קוֹלֵנוּ. If one forgot, one does not need to make amends.

The Chazzan adds עֲנֵנוּ during both Shacharit and Mincha, as a separate Bracha before רְפָאֵנוּ.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 23:15, 19:14, 20:8

Have a meaningful fast,

- Danny
Tuesday, 17 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Monday, July 14, 2014

Halocho #1379 - Who needs to fast on the 17th Tamuz?

Nearly everybody above Bar/Bat Mitzva needs to fast tomorrow - Tuesday. The fast starts at dawn and ends at nightfall.

Pregnant and nursing mothers are exempt from fasting.

Anybody who isn't healthy shouldn't fast. When in doubt, consult your LOR (Local Orthodox Rabbi).

Children are not allowed to fast.

Those who are not fasting should limit their food intake to the bare minimum; only bread and water if possible.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 121:9

- Danny
Jerusalem, Monday, 16 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma

Sunday, July 13, 2014

Halocho #1378 - How long are the "3 weeks"?

The woes of the Churban - the destruction of the Bet Hamikdash - began on 17th Tamuz and ended with the Bet Hamikdash being set alight on the afternoon of 9 B'Av.

The fire burnt until sunset the following day.

This period of 23 days - which start on Tuesday - is know as "the 3 weeks" or Bein Hametzarim - בין המצרים.

As we then approach the 9th of Av - 3 weeks later - the laws of mourning intensify, as we will learn in the coming days.

The mourning continues until the day after the fast of 9 B'Av; i.e. 10 Av - July 21.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:1, 124:20

- Danny
Sunday, 15 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Thursday, July 3, 2014

Halocho #1377 - Squeezing pimples on Shabbat

It is forbidden to draw blood on Shabbat even from one's own body.

One may not squeeze pimples nor open up wounds on Shabbat, as that would cause puss and/or blood to come out.

One may remove scabs on Shabbat, if one is sure that no bleeding will occur.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 80:54, 91:14

Shabbat Shalom
- Danny
Thursday, 5 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Halocho #1376 - When should one learn Torah?

After Shacharit (morning prayers) a person should have a fixed time to learn Torah; at least one verse or a single Halacha.

The Torah requires everybody to have a fixed time to learn Torah every day and every night.

Somebody who does not know how to learn Torah, or cannot find the time to learn, should support others who do learn Torah and they share the reward.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 27:1-2

- Danny
Wednesday, 4 Tamuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Halocho #1375 - Can one say Kiddush Levanah by a window?

Today - 3 Tammuz - is the day that Yehoshua told the sun and moon to stop orbiting, as recounted in Sefer Yehoshua Ch.10, verses 12-14.

Kiddush Levanah - (the sanctification of the new moon) - can be found in any Siddur; usually after the Maariv service.

Men have an obligation to say Kiddush Levanah every month. The custom is that women do not say Kiddush Levanah.

Kiddush Levanah cannot be said before the new moon is 3 days (72 hours) old. Some even wait until it's 7 days old.

Kiddush Levanah can only be said while the moon is waxing.

Kiddush Levanah should not be said while standing under a roof. However, if this is impossible or impractical, then it can be said inside by a window.

Source Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 77:7, 8, 10
- Danny
Tuesday, 3 Tammuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Monday, June 30, 2014

Halocho #1374 - What Bracha does one make on Good News?

When finding out joyous tidings or upon hearing good news from a reliable source, one says a Bracha.

If it only affects oneself, then one says שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ; "... who has kept us alive, sustained us and permitted us to reach this occasion."


בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹקינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם
 שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִּיעָנוּ לַזְּמַן הַזֶּה

If it affects a group of people, then one says הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב; "..Who is Good, and bestows good." 

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹקינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם
הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב

If one cannot say the Bracha right away - due to an unclean location or hands - then one can say it later, as long as one still feel the joy.

Even if the joyful event will probably cause one trouble at a later date, one still says the Bracha.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 59:1,3

- Danny
Monday, 2 Tammuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma

Sunday, June 29, 2014

Halocho #1373 - Must one eat on Rosh Chodesh?

Today is the 2nd day of Rosh Chodesh Tammuz.

One may not fast on Rosh Chodesh.

It's a Mitzva to eat a bigger meal on Rosh Chodesh.

There is no obligation to eat bread on Rosh Chodesh.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 77:2

- Danny Schoemann
Sunday,  2nd day Rosh Chodesh Tammuz 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Thursday, June 26, 2014

Halocho #1372 - Shabat Rosh Chodesh


Rosh Chodesh Tamuz will be on Shabbat and Sunday.

Remember to add יַעֲלֶה וְיָבֹא into the Amida and Birkat Hamazon.

One should add an extra dish to the Shabbat meals in honor of Rosh Chodesh.

After Hallel on Shabbat we will read from 2 Sifrei Torah; the second one for Rosh Chodesh, followed by the Shabbat-Rosh-Chodesh Haftara.

In Mussaf one says the "Ata Yetzarta - אַתָּה יָצַרְתָּ" version which talks about both the Shabbat and Rosh Chodesh sacrifices.

יַעֲלֶה וְיָבֹא is not said in Mussaf.

Source: Shulchan Aruch 525:3, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 97:3

Shabbat Shalom and Chodesh Tov
- Danny
Thursday, 28 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Halocho #1370 - Who was burnt to death with a Sefer Torah?

The Shulchan Aruch says that it's appropriate to fast tomorrow - Wednesday 27 Sivan - since about 2,000 years ago on this date, the Romans wrapped the great Rabbi Chanina ben Tradyon in a Sefer Torah, and burnt him to death.

Rabbi Chanina ben Tradyon was one of the 10 martyrs.

King David started Tehilim - Psalms - by declaring: Blessed is the man who doesn't walk in the counsel of the wicked, nor stand in the way of sinners, nor sit in the gathering of the scornful.

Rabbi Chanina ben Tradyon taught (Avot 3:3):

  • A gathering of the scornful is when Jews sit together and don't discuss Torah-related topics. 
  • When Jews do discuss Torah then the Shechina - G-d's presence - is with them. 
  • Even when a lone Jew learns Torah (like a Halocho a Day), Hashem takes note and rewards him. 


Source: Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 580:2

Read about the 10 martyrs at http://www.answers.com/topic/ten-martyrs
Read about Rabbi Chanina ben Tradyon at http://www.answers.com/topic/haninah-ben-teradion

- Danny
Tuesday, 26 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma

Monday, June 23, 2014

Halocho #1369 - Transporting Kosher food

Kosher meat that is given to a non-Jew to store or transport, needs 2 seals, to ensure it's not tampered with.

The same applies to wine that is not cooked and to fish that no longer have their scales attached.

Cooked wine, wine-vinegar, milk, bread and cheese only need one seal.

The above applies whether a non-Jew is involved, or a Jew who cannot be trusted to keep Kosher.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:16

- Danny Schoemann
Monday, 25 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Sunday, June 22, 2014

Halocho #1368 - Kashering from meat to milk

When needed, one can Kasher utensils that are not Kosher. E.g. if one put a Milky spoon in a hot bowl of Meat it cannot be used until it is Kashered.

Before Pessach one can Kasher certain Chametz utensils to make them Kosher for Pessach.

Kashering must be done under the supervision of somebody who has learned all the intrinsic laws of Kashering, when possible.

When utensils are Kashered, they become Kosher and Parev; neither milky nor meaty.

The custom is to refrain from Kashering Milky utensils to use them subsequently for Meaty, or Meaty utensils to use them for Milky.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:15, 116:18
- Danny
Sunday, 24 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Thursday, June 19, 2014

Halocho #1367 - Rosh Chodesh is in 10 days time

This Shabbat is "Shabbat Mevarchim". 

Rosh Chodesh Tammuz will be on Shabbat-in-a-week's-time and the morrow; Sunday. (2nd and 3rd July)

There's an ancient custom to bless the upcoming month on the Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh, before Mussaf.

This is not to be confused with Sanctifying the Month that was done by the Sanhedrin when the new moon appeared.

Nevertheless, the custom is to stand when the Chazzan announces which day(s) will be Rosh Chodesh, since the sanctification of the month was done while standing.

Source: Mishna Brura 417:1

Shabbat Shalom uMevorach
- Danny
Thursday, 21 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Wednesday, June 18, 2014

Halocho #1366 - Can one eat almond milk with meat?

If one cooks meat in almond milk, one has to leave some almonds in the dish, so that people do not suspect one of having cooked meat in milk.

As a general rule, one should be careful not to do anything which looks like it's against Halacha, even if one is not doing anything wrong, as it says in Bemidbar 23:22  וִהְיִיתֶם נְקִיִּים מֵה' וּמִיִּשְׂרָאֵל and in Mishlei 3:4 - וּמְצָא חֵן וְשֵׂכֶל טוֹב בְּעֵינֵי אֱ-לקִים וְאָדָם.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:14, 29:20
- Danny
Wednesday, 20 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Halocho #1365 - Meat after cheese

After eating milky products one needs to wash one's hands or check them carefully, eat something hard (like bread) and rinse one's mouth or drink something and check between one's teeth or brush them. Then - if it's not at the same meal - one can eat meat right away.

The exception is hard cheese that aged for 6 months or became wormy. After eating such cheese, one needs to wait 6 hours before eating meat.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:11

As we learned yesterday, some have the custom to only wait 1 or 3 hours.

There's a debate among Poskim if modern hard cheese that didn't age 6 months is considered like hard cheese. Check with your favorite LOR.

- Danny
Tuesday, 19 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Monday, June 16, 2014

Halocho #1364 - Eating milk after chewing meat

After eating meat or chicken, one must wait 6 hours before eating milky products.

Even if one only chewed the meat, but did not swallow it, one must still wait.

If, after waiting 6 hours, one finds meat stuck between one's teeth, one has to remove it and rinse one's mouth and eat something solid before eating Milky, though one need not wait  another 6 hours.

If the food did not contain any meat, chicken or gravy, but was simply cooked in a meaty pot - even if the pot wasn't spotlessly clean - then one may eat milk right afterwards.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:9-10

Some have the custom of only waiting 1 hour or 3 hours, and not 6 hours between meat and milk. Everybody should follow their family Minhag.

- Danny
Monday, 18 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Sunday, June 15, 2014

Halocho #1363 - Which are the Milky dishes?

One cannot use the same dishes and cutlery for eating meat and milk.

If one has 2 identical sets of dishes, then the custom is to mark the Milky dishes (with ink, a scratch or otherwise) in order to tell them apart.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:8
- Danny
Sunday, 17 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma



Thursday, June 12, 2014

Halocho #1362 - Lego, lids and screws on Shabbat

An item made of various parts can be assembled on Shabbat, if the connections are loose, and it is taken apart and put back together frequently. (Like Lego pieces.)

If the parts are supposed to be tightly connected or screwed together - so as to "almost never" take them apart (like most door handles) -  then you cannot assemble them on Shabbat, even if you don't tighten the connection.

Lids of dishes may be taken off and put back on even if they are tight (like Tupperware) since they are not meant to remain connected permanently.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 80:83
Shabbat Shalom
- Danny
Thursday, 14 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma


Wednesday, June 11, 2014

Halocho #1361 - You eat meat, I'll eat milk

Two acquaintances are not allowed to share the same table, if one is eating a meat meal and the other is eating a milky meal.

This applies to friends, family and even casual acquaintances, even those who wouldn't feel comfortable sharing their food with each other.

If there is some sort of separation on the table, then they are allowed to share the table. For example, if they each have their own place mat, or there is something between them on the table that normally is not on the table, E.g.: food (bottle of whiskey) or vessels (vase or extra salt cellars).

They should not share the same cup, pitcher or bottle, since food can get stuck on it and passed from one to the other.

They also should not be sharing the same loaf of bread. The custom is that they do not even share the same salt cellars.

Source: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 46:6, 7
- Danny
Wednesday, 13 Sivan 5774

Please daven for 3 year old נָעֳמִי בַּת דִינָה who is being treated for lymphoma