Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Halocho #1881 - What comes after the 3 years of עָרְלָה?

The Torah prohibits of eating fruit from trees less than 3 years old, as per Sunday's Halocho about עָרְלָה.

In the 4th year, the fruit is called נֶטַע רְבָעִי and needs to be "redeemed" by transferring its status onto a coin. The coin needs to be worth at least פְּרוּטָה, which is 0.025 grams of pure silver; less than 2 US pennies at today's rate.

One says "I am redeeming the נֶטַע רְבָעִי into this coin". The coin is then destroyed and disposed of. 

Instead of a coin, one can use fruit worth about 2 pennies, which then needs to be destroyed.

After redeeming them, the נֶטַע רְבָעִי  - fourth-year fruit - can be eaten, anywhere by anybody.

Sources: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 173:2

- Danny
Tuesday, 16 Menachem Av 5777

שָּׁנָה הָרְבִיעִית, נִקְרְאוּ הַפֵּרוֹת נֶטַע רְבָעִי, וּצְרִיכִין פִּדְיוֹן

 כֵּיצַד פּוֹדֶה אוֹתָן? תּוֹלְשָׁן לְאַחַר שֶׁנִגְמְרוּ כָּל צָרְכָּן, וְנוֹטֵל מַטְבֵּעַ כֶּסֶף אוֹ פֵּרוֹת שֶׁל הֶתֵּר שָׁוִּין פְּרוּטָה, וְאוֹמֵר, בָּזֶה אֲנִי פוֹדֶה פֵּרוֹת נֶטַע רְבָעִי אֵלּוּ

 וְנוֹטֵל הַמַּטְבֵּעַ אוֹ הַפֵּרוֹת וְשּׁוֹחֲקָן וְזוֹרְקָן בַּנָּהָר

 וְאֵין מְבָרְכִין בְּחוּץ לָאָרֶץ עַל הַפִּדְיוֹן

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